Introduction to Shakespeare

Shakespeare’s World

please take some brief, point-form notes. How had society changed? What was life like in Elizabethan times? How do we see this reflected in Shakespeare’s works?

The Globe Theatre

Again, take some brief notes. How did the structure of the theatre (and the structure of society) change actors’ performances? What sorts of interactions did the space allow?

In Shakespeare’s plays, we have the same basic plot structure that we observed in novels and short stories.

Act 1 Introduction
Act 2 Rising Action
Act 3 Climax
Act 4 Falling Action
Act 5 Conclusion

Hamlet is a tragedy. This means that it will be sad in some way, more importantly, it will result from flaws in human nature. The audience knows this, so concentrate on which ways Hamlet conforms to the expected plot structure, and the ways in which it does not.


Good Night, and Good Luck

Edward R. Murrow, a respected news reporter during the rise of television, came under fire for reporting on the Red Scare. “McCarthyism”, named after and led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, was the fear that communists could be anywhere.

Please answer the questions below.

#15.  Explain the significance of the Murrow quotes “We must not confuse dissent with disloyalty” and “We proclaim ourselves as indeed we are, the defenders of freedom where ever it still exists in the world. But we cannot defend freedom abroad by deserting it at home.”

#16 Examine in detail at least three parallels between, or contrasts with, the events depicted in the movie and events in society today.

1984 Part 3

The following question should be answered with as much detail as possible drawing upon specific examples from the novel. Question #6 requires a great deal of thought and attention!

1) In what way (according to O’Brien) is the domination desired by the “Party” different than the world domination desired by the Nazi’s and the early communists?
2) Why is there no hope that the “Proles” will ever revolt and overthrow the “Party”?
3) Why is it important to the “Party” for Winston to betray Julia?
4) What is the importance of the “Chestnut Tree Cafe”?
5) What will happen to Winston?
6) Is the 1984 society possible? In what ways are elements of 1984 already here to lesser or greater degrees?

1984 Part 2

Be prepared to discuss the following questions on Thursday, May 16th.

1) What is the significance of the “Golden Country”? Why is it important to Winston?
2) What are the differences between Julia and Winston in their understanding of and relationship to the “Party”? 
3) Why has the “party” gone to such tremendous effort to ensnare and trap Winston?
4) Why is it important for the “Party” to allow Winston to read the Goldstein book?
5) Explain why the relationship between Julia and Winston is so rebellious to the party. By controlling relationships, what does the “Party” hope to achieve?

More Questions, Also from Part 1

1) Trace the history of Ingsoc from 1950 to 1984. What are some of the major events that took place and at what time in history did they happen?
2) Explain “Doublethink.” Why is it essential to the success of the party? 
3) How does “Newspeak” help the party maintain control?
4) How does the party control relationships between men and women? How do they use this particular type of control to further their total control of the society?
5) Why is Winston’s job in the Ministry of Truth important to the party?

Define the following Newspeak terms in your own words:

thought crime